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Upgrading from 3.1-Release to 3.1-Stable 23 March 1999
|This article shows you how to upgrade from 3.1-Release to 3.1-Stable using /stand/sysinstall. You can also use cvsup. Why did I upgrade to -Stable? Because -Stable is more stable than -Release. For more detail on what -Stable is and why you might want to get it, see The Cutting Edge.|
|I had recently installed FreeBSD to replace Windows 95. However, I installed 3.1-Release when I actually wanted 3.1-Stable. I want all my machines on the same release.|
The upgrade that failed
|This first attempt did not work. Please see the next section.
I ran /stand/sysinstall and chose to Upgrade an existing system. From then it was pretty much the same as the original install of FreeBSD to replace Windows 95.
After the install finished, and I rebooted, I noticed the following:
$ uname -a FreeBSD kennett.freebsddiary.cx 3.1-RELEASE FreeBSD 3.1-RELEASE #0: Mon Feb 15 11:08:08 GMT 1999 firstname.lastname@example.org:/usr/src/sys/compile/GENERIC i386
|I have had enough of this toying around. So I've decided to download the files
to my local FTP server. This will reduce the Internet traffic and speed up my
installs. And seeing as I'm doing so many of them, I think this will save me time.
I ftp'd to releng3.freebsd.org and grabbed a tarball of the stuff I needed.
# ftp releng3.freebsd.org Connected to usw3.freebsd.org. 220 usw3.freebsd.org FTP server (Version wu-2.4.2-academ[BETA-18-VR13](1) Wed Feb 10 06:27:33 CST 1999) ready. Name (releng3.freebsd.org:marc): ftp 331 Guest login ok, send your complete e-mail address as password. Password: 230 Guest login ok, access restrictions apply. Remote system type is UNIX. Using binary mode to transfer files. ftp> cd pub/FreeBSD/snapshots/i386/3.1-19990318-STABLE 250-Please read the file README.TXT 250- it was last modified on Thu Mar 18 19:54:36 1999 - 2 days ago 250 CWD command successful. ftp> passive Passive mode on. ftp> get bin.tar local: bin.tar remote: bin.tar 227 Entering Passive Mode (209,180,6,227,11,127) 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for /usr/bin/tar. 226 Transfer complete. 25364480 bytes received in 626.21 seconds (39.55 KB/s) ftp> get manpages.tar local: manpages.tar remote: manpages.tar 227 Entering Passive Mode (209,180,6,227,11,139) 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for /usr/bin/tar. 226 Transfer complete. 7833600 bytes received in 190.86 seconds (40.08 KB/s) ftp> quit
Note: If you look at the FTP directories listed above, you will not find any tarballs (e.g. bin.tar or manpages.tar). But you will see directories called manpages and bin. So how did we manage to get those files when they don't exist? Well, it's a feature of ftp. When you use the get command on a directory, and append .tar to the end of the directory name, the get command automatically constructs the tarbar for you. This certainly saves you a great deal of time!
Then I untarred the files and created a symlink. I found I wasn't able to do this without the symlink as shown below:
[root@ns:/pub/ftp/pub/FreeBSD/releases] # ls -lt total 6 lrwxr-xr-x 1 root wheel 34 Mar 21 12:00 3.1-STABLE -> snapshots/i386/3.1-19990318-STABLE drwxr-xr-x 17 52 51 1024 Mar 7 11:02 2.2.8-RELEASE drwxr-xr-x 18 52 51 1024 Feb 16 22:39 3.1-RELEASE drwxr-xr-x 2 root wheel 512 Feb 16 06:28 3.0-STABLE drwxr-xr-x 17 52 51 1024 Feb 8 20:44 3.0-RELEASE drwxr-xr-x 5 52 51 512 Feb 7 11:02 XFree86 drwxr-xr-x 4 52 51 512 Feb 1 18:48 snapshots
Then I tried again. No luck. I was still on 3.1-RELEASE.
I continued along this track several times until someone on the #FreeBSD IRC channel on Undernet asked if I'd updated the kernel sources..... DOH!
So I went back to releng3.freebsd.org and downloaded the src directory to my FTP server.
The upgrade that worked
|I ran /stand/sysinstall again. See what I did in FreeBSD to replace Windows 95 for details on what to
choose and where to go. In short, I selected:
After that worked, I rebooted and everything was fine. Then it was time upgrade the kernel sources. So I ran /stand/sysinstall again. This time I choose:
After this step, I created myself a custom kernel. Now when I did a uname -a, I get this:
kennett# uname -a FreeBSD kennett.freebsddiary.cx 3.1-19990318-STABLE FreeBSD 3.1-19990318-STABLE #3: Thu Mar 18 09:03:30 NZDT 1999 email@example.com:/usr/src/sys/compile/KENNETT i386
Did this help?
|This was the first time I've upgraded FreeBSD via /stand/sysinstall. If this doesn't work for you, I'd like to know about it. All comments will be appreciated.|