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DNS - restricting zone transfers 31 December 1998
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When you provide DNS, you are giving out a lot of information.  It can give a hacker a great deal of information.  Just by using a simple tool like nslookup, you can accomplish a zone transfer.  To restrict your zone transfers to specified IP addresses, use the boot file directive xfrnets.
For BIND 4
The following is an extract from man named:
The ``xfrnets'' directive  (not  shown)  can  be  used  to
implement  primitive access control.  If this directive is
given, then your name server will only answer zone  trans-
fer  requests  from  hosts which are on networks listed in
your ``xfrnets'' directives.  This directive may  also  be
given as ``tcplist'' for compatibility with older, interim
servers.

Here's what I added to my /etc/named.boot file (well, I used a different IP address):

xfrnets 11.22.33.44&255.255.255.255

This states that zone transfers can be accepted from 11.22.33.44.

Points to note:

  • You can include more than one IP adddress per line, separated by white space.
  • You can have more than one xfrnets directive per file.
  • Don't put any white space between the IP address and the mask
For BIND8
Under BIND 8, you should use something like this:
options {
	allow-transfer {209.222.164.2;203.32.61.10;};
}

Or you can restrict certain zones to certain addresses:

zone "yourdomain.com" {
	type master;
	file "db.yourdomain";
	allow-transfer {11.22.33.44; };
}

In both cases, multiple IP addresses can be added each ending with a semi-colon (';').   An adress range can be specified using the "192.168/16" type of format.   The "/16" is a netmask and would allow any zone transfers from the 192.168.0.0 network.

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