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squid - installation and configuration 16 July 2000
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Paul Lord wrote in to provide this how-to for squid.  Again, he did this back in May, so it's my fault it's taken so long to get into print.  Thank you Paul.
The install
I wanted to install a proxy/cache product to help with the slow dialup connection and to BLOCK some web sites.

So I installed the Squid port (note this is an older version squid23 is the latest port).  See Installing a port without installing the ports or Installing all the ports for more information about installing a port.  But in short, you do this:

cd /usr/ports/www/squid21
make install
The cache
You need to build the Cache directory first.  The default is 100MB so if you don't have that much room, or want more, modify /usr/local/etc/squid/squid.conf appropriately

The the '-z' option is used to build the cache

# /usr/local/sbin/squid -z

I got this message back - Permission denied

09:09:29| Creating Swap Directories FATAL: Failed to make
swap directory /usr/local/squid/cache/00: (13) Permission denied Squid
Cache (Version 2.1.PATCH2):Terminated abnormally. CPU Usage: 0.022
seconds Maximum Resident Size: 1000 KB Page faults with physical
i/o: 0

After some search on the mailing list archives I found this solution:

> a. There is no space left on drive.
> b. You have no /usr/local/squid/logs/ directory created before. (squid does
> not create it itself. Create one manually)
> c. Your /usr/local/squid/logs/cache.log is owned by root. You should
> change it like this. "chown nobody.nogroup /usr/local/squid/logs/cache.log"
>
> Note that all of the files in ../log and ../cache directories must be owned
> like that too.

I then checked for the directories and they where there, but the owner was root. so:

# chown nobody.nogroup /usr/local/squid/logs mygateway
# chown nobody.nogroup /usr/local/squid/cache

So now I tried to build the cache again:

# /usr/local/sbin/squid -z
2000/05/09 09:14:32| Creating Swap Directories

This time it worked!

Testing
Start the squid in Debug/Test mode and try your WIN98 client Browser.  Be sure add the proxy name and port 3128 to the options/connection section [ed. note: I have remove the date from the following extract to ensure the lines fit without scrolling).
mygateway# /usr/local/sbin/squid -NCd1

09:30:54| Starting Squid Cache version 2.1.PATCH2 for i386--freebsd3.2...
09:30:54| Process ID 1026
09:30:54| With 1064 file descriptors available
09:30:54| Performing DNS Tests...
09:30:54| Successful DNS name lookup tests...
09:30:54| helperOpenServers: Starting 5 'dnsserver' processes
09:30:54| Unlinkd pipe opened on FD 13
09:30:54| Swap maxSize 102400 KB, estimated 7876 objects
09:30:54| Target number of buckets: 157
09:30:54| Using 8192 Store buckets, replacement runs every 10 seconds
09:30:54| Max Mem  size: 8192 KB
09:30:54| Max Swap size: 102400 KB
09:30:54| Rebuilding storage in Cache Dir #0 (DIRTY)
09:30:54| Loaded Icons.
09:30:54| Accepting HTTP connections on port 3128, FD 35.
09:30:54| Accepting ICP messages on port 3130, FD 36.
09:30:54| Ready to serve requests.
09:30:54| storeRebuildFromDirectory: DIR #0 done!
09:32:10| Finished rebuilding storage disk.
09:32:10|         0 Entries read from previous logfile.
09:32:10|         0 Entries scanned from swap files.
09:32:10|         0 Invalid entries.
09:32:10|         0 With invalid flags.
09:32:10|         0 Objects loaded.
09:32:10|         0 Objects expired.
09:32:10|         0 Objects cancelled.
09:32:10|         0 Duplicate URLs purged.
09:32:10|         0 Swapfile clashes avoided.
09:32:10|   Took 76 seconds (   0.0 objects/sec).
09:32:10| Beginning Validation Procedure
09:32:10| storeLateRelease: released 0 objects
09:32:11|   Completed Validation Procedure
09:32:11|   Validated 0 Entries
09:32:11|   store_swap_size = 21k
09:32:31| parseHttpRequest: Unsupported method 'PROPFIND'
09:32:31| clientReadRequest: FD 14 Invalid Request
^C

(Type Control C - to exit the squid)

09:33:44| Preparing for shutdown after 8 requests
09:33:44| Waiting 0 seconds for active connections to finish
09:33:44| FD 35 Closing HTTP connection
09:33:45| Shutting down...
09:33:45| FD 36 Closing ICP connection
09:33:45| Closing unlinkd pipe on FD 13
09:33:45| storeDirWriteCleanLogs: Starting...
09:33:45|   Finished.  Wrote 0 entries.
09:33:45|   Took 0 seconds (   0.0 entries/sec).

I modifed /usr/local/etc/squid/squid.conf

I added these lines right above the http_access deny all

# Add this to the squid.conf (ACL section) 
#
acl ourhosts src 10.1.0.0/255.255.0.0
http_access allow ourhosts
#
http_access deny all

Then I start squid again and try the browser, it WORKED!

# /usr/local/sbin/squid -NCd1
Don't let them bypass the proxy
OK.  Now I am caching sites, but how do I block port 80 so they cannot by pass squid?  You could always add a few things to your firewall rules.  These are examples for ipfw and assume that ed0 is the network card to your your users:
ipfw add 220 deny tcp from any to any 80 via ed0
ipfw add 230 deny udp from any to any 80 via ed0
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